Hip dysplasia is a deformity of the hip joint and can range from mild hip instability to long-standing hip dislocation. If both hip joints are affected the condition is referred to as bilateral dysplasia. If only one hip is affect it is referred to as unilateral dysplasia.
For the hip joint to work properly, both the femoral head, (the ball), and the acetabulum, (the socket), must be in the proper orientation relative to one another. As a child, the outer edge of the socket is composed of very soft growing bone. If the femoral head is not well-contained within the socket, it can push on the outer edge of the acetabulum causing it to become more, shallow. A more shallow socket can creates instability and damage to the joint.
Hip dysplasia is more commonly diagnosed in females than in males. Furthermore, it is more common in left hips than right, in first-born children, and in families where children were previously born with hip dysplasia. Dysplasia has shown to be a predisposing factor to the development of degenerative arthritis in adults. The goal in treating hip dysplasia is to ensure the hip develops normally in early childhood.
Hip dysplasia is often not painful in the early stages. The hip or groin areas may become more painful as damage increases.
Dr. LaReau, a top Chicago hip surgeon, performs a thorough examination to evaluate and determine the extent of your condition. He will conduct a complete review of your medical history. He may also choose to utilize diagnostic tools, such as an MRI, X-ray or CT scan to confirm the extent of your condition
After a thorough examination, Dr. LaReau may elect to inject your joint with a pain relieving medication as a conservative treatment option. If your condition continues to cause you hip pain, you may be prescribed nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others) and naproxen (Aleve), to assist in reducing the pain and inflammation. If conservative treatments do not provide the relief needed to regain mobility, Dr. LaReau may elect to perform surgery to correct the condition.